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When you need to know how to do something, or where something is located, you most likely go to a popular search engine known as google. Google is an online source that helps you search for people or things. Seventy percent of worldwide online searches are done through google. Its an axes point that makes many things a whole lot easier, but it’s a reality new thing. Google has only been around since 1998 and before that, things were not as easy to research. Our generation is so lucky to have google, and other search engines like it, at our fingertips-ready to be used on our command.

Google was originally a research project, started in 1996 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. They both attended Stanford University at the time. Their research project was nicknamed “BackRub” and Brin and Page went to work on the Stanford Digital Library Project (SDLP). “The SDLP’s goal was ‘to develop the enabling technologies for a single, integrated and universal digital library’ and it was funded through the National Science Foundation, among other federal agencies”. Through a lot of  exploring the web and URL searching, their thesis seemed to be correct and so they “laid the foundation for their search engine”.

Originally, the name was suppose to be googol (a mathematical term for the number one followed by 100 zeroes), but it turned out to be google instead after a unfortunate misspelling. On September 4th, 1998, google was launched, and by the year 2000, users were using it 200 million times a day.

As of 2015, google controls 40.9%, Yahoo controls 27.4%, MSN controls 19.6%, and the other 12.1% of searches are controlled by other sites. There are 10 top sites used for researching according to eCloudBuzz. First is Google, than Bing, and Yahoo, Baidu, and so on. But no matter how you look at the facts, google is a success and widely used more than any other search engine cite.

Without google, we would obviously go on in life. We would still have the internet and still have ways of finding what we need, but google makes it so much easier. We are so lucky to have a system such as google. When i need to know something, the first thing i type into my computer is google. When i need help with research, i go to google. When i need a recipe, or directions, i go to google. Especially when i have no idea what to blog about, i go to google. Google is something we are very fortunate to have.  


LGBTQ rights

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LGBTQ stands for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (and/or questioning) individuals/identities.” Why am i doing my blog on this?…You may ask. Well, recently i went to Washington DC where  i lobbied to congress about LGBTQ rights. This topic was one that Brad Sherman already supported, so when we gave our speech we basically just brought to his attention new statistics, as well as thanking him and asking for his continued support. But not everyone is like Brad Sherman. We are not all aware of LGBTQ people and the rights they are excluded from. I am here to tell you what treatment they get and how it is completely unfair.

Currently, only 21 states in the US have put protection on LGBTQ employees to prevent discrimination. This means that more than half of the country can deny employment to a person because of their sexual preferences. Now for the mind blowing statistics: a person in the LGBTQ community can earn as little as $0.68 for every dollar that a heterosexual man earns. A survey found that 23% of gay and lesbian and 48% of bisexual people don’t tell anyone at work about their sexual orientation due to the fear of loosing their job. Another survey showed that 43% of the LGBTQ community have experienced discrimination because of how they identify and 41% say they have either been physically or verbally abused. A survey in 2009 showed 97% of transgender people experienced harassment in the work space. Its one thing to not want to be around these people, but it is a completely different thing to full on discriminate against them for who they are. “People tend to be around other people that make them feel comfortable.” By why is nothing being done in terms of discrimination?

Its because 67% of LGBTQ people don’t report it harassment and or discrimination.

Social Security

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Just the other day, my history teacher wrote the following question up on the board for our warm-up: “Do you think those who can’t work (illness, injuries, to old, disabilities, etc.) should be given money by the government? Keep in mind that the money comes from our taxes.” When i read the first part, i thought “Ya!” We should definitely be helping out those who are unable to work, but once i read the second part, my opinion changed. How do we know for sure that someone is unable to work and earn their own pay? Why do we have to help complete strangers? Why can’t these people go to family and friends for help? And then i thought, maybe it’s the right thing to do.

On August 14 of 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed the social security act into law. It was part of his New Deal plan which was to get the U.S. out of the Great Depression. Today it’s funded through payroll taxes and the money is held in Social Security Trust Funds. Social security is “any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income”and in the U.S. it’s”a federal insurance program that provides benefits to retired people and those who are unemployed or disabled.” The benefits of the act include retirement income, disability income, Medicare, Medicaid,death benefits, and survivorship benefits. “It’s one of the largest government programs in the world, paying out hundreds of billions of dollars per year” to those who are 62-70 years old.

So if we had a choice to change social security, should we? Would it be the right thing to do-not supporting other? Should citizens who have been saving money their whole lives have to pay taxes to government trust funds to help those who can’t help themselves? I find myself on the borderline. I think we should help, but only to a degree. As of 2012, 56 million people were receiving social security in the United States. That was approximately 18% of the population and out of that 56 million, 36 million were retired workers, while the other 20 million were either surviving spouses, disabled, or mentally or physically ill. Since then, taxes have gone up and so has the number of people receiving social security, but the status remains around the same. A higher percentage of the people receive it because they are retired. The other (lower) percentage of people receiving social security are ill, disabled, or a surviving spouse.

I feel that we shouldn’t have to be paying trust funds every year just so our hard earned money can be given away to someone who doesn’t want to work anymore. When you retire, you are either really old, or have had enough and are ready to stop working. In either case, i feel you should have money saved up for when that time has come. Why should we have to help support someone who wasn’t prepared?

On the other hand, i think our taxes should help support those who can’t make a living for themselves for any reason. Whether it’s because of a mental or physical  illness or disability. These types of people can’t help what they can not do and therefor, i feel we should help them, and only them. I think the Social Security Act should be changed to help only those who truly need it. Others will have to start saving sooner, plan ahead, or ask family and friends for help.


Trump! Or Dump?

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On January 20, 2017, Donald J. Trump, gave his Inaugural address to the nation. His address-more like another campaign speech-included many promises to the people. One promise that stood out to me was, “We will follow two simple rules: Buy American and hire American.”  When he said this, i thought to myself, “is he going to make a good president?” Is he going to keep all of his promises? I, personally, don’t think so.

Remember along time ago, in 2016-November 8th to be exact-we the people of the United States, picked Trump to be our next president. Do you remember that night? The suspense of it all! When we finally knew that Trump was going to be our 45th president! Exciting right? Well…not really. In actuality, not as many people as you would think, have faith in Mr. Trump. Some think he is going to make an excellent president, while others (like myself) think he is going to corrupt our world.

In a survey done by CNN after the election, some people said they are confident about Trump being our next president, while others weren’t confident at all and some are just unsure. In the survey, 29% of people think he will be a very good president, 24% think he will be fairly good, 14% think he will be fairly poor, and 30% of people believe he will do a very bad job as president (while 2% say it depends and another 2% have no opinion).

On another part of the survey, people were asked if they had a lot of confidence, some confidence, or no confidence at all in certain things Trump was going to do. One question was: Do you have confidence in Trump dealing with the economy? 40% percent of people replied that they had a lot of confidence, 25% said they had some, and 34% said they had no confidence. The next question asked was: Do you have confidence in Trump Handling foreign affairs? This time, 27% said they had a lot of confidence, while 23% said they had some confidence, and 49% said they had none. After that, the people were asked if they thought he was appointing the best people to office. 32% said they did, 22% were not quite sure, and 43% thought he wasn’t.

Fast forwarding, Trump gave his Inaugural address which changed a lot of people’s minds. Before, lots of people didn’t know what kind of a president he would be, but now, the most recent survey shows what people have a better idea. The survey showed that 34% now think he will be a good president (before it was 29%) the rest don’t. I am among those who have no faith.

I watched the Inaugural address in my history class that morning, live. I listened to what Trump had to say before i judged him, but so many things he said didn’t satisfy me as a citizen.  “We will follow two simple rules: Buy American and hire American.” This is one of the things Trump said. When i heard this, i thought to myself: What about all the things we get from China? Trump is just going to cut us off from them. Another thing he said that made me mad was, “We will build new roads, and highways, and bridges, and airports, and tunnels, and railways all across our wonderful nation.” What’s wrong with the railways and tunnels we have now? He continued to say, “We will get our people off of welfare and back to work — rebuilding our country with American hands and American labor.” Is that why he wants to build new bridges? Because they are not 100% American made? If this is the kind of president we are getting, we are in big trouble!

Maybe its because my mom voted for Clinton, or because i live in California, or maybe because he is a businessman, or just because i don’t like his hair, but i think Trump is not fit to be our president. Trump or Dump? Dump!

Texting and Driving

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Every year in the United States,  around a half million people are injured or killed in an accidents due to texting and driving. Furthermore, “98 percent of motorists who own cellphones and text regularly said they were aware of the dangers, yet three-quarters of them admitted to texting while driving, despite laws against it in some states.” That’s seventy-four percent.

It’s illegal for drivers under eighteen to use a phone while driving, and it’s illegal for all drivers, of any age, to text and drive. So if people know it’s against the law, and they know they can get severely hurt, why do they still do it? A survey found that forty-three percent of the texting drivers said they wanted to “stay connected” to friends and family, while around of a third said they did it out of habit. Other reasons included: some people thought they were going to miss out on something important, some felt anxious if they didn’t respond to a text right away, some admitted they were addicted, and some surprisingly answered that it didn’t affect their driving. Didn’t affect their driving?! Instead of watching the road, your eyes are looking for a message, inside the car and in order to text someone, your hands must be taken off the wheel while the car is in motion. While all of this is happening, your mind is no longer focused on your driving and instead is focused on understanding the messages being read and communicating to others. Those that said it didn’t affect them…were wrong.

If you get caught texting and driving, the punishment is a fine between twenty and five hundred dollars. But does that stop the texters from texting? Sadly, it doesn’t. Eighty-three percent of those who receive a fine, will continue to text and drive and put there life, along with other people’s lives, in danger. Did you know that it only takes five seconds to cost someone their life? Did you know that texting and driving is about 6 times more likely to cause an accident than driving while intoxicated? Did you know that texting and driving slows your brake reaction speed by eighteen percent? And finally, did you know that in 2013 3,154 people were killed and 424,000 people were injured in crashes involving a driver who was texting?All it takes is a single glance down and boom; you, a loved one, a pedestrian, or the person in the other car could be gone.

I don’t drive yet, but i know for a fact that when i do start to drive, i won’t be texting too. It’s not worth it. My mom doesn’t text and drive, in fact, she will either have me text something for her, or will pull over and do it, even to make a phone call. While me and my mom are driving, we will see people on their phones, and they will be swerving in and out of the lines, or driving extra slow. Sometimes she’ll yell, “get off your bloody phone.” I always laugh at her, but i shouldn’t. She might just be saving lives.

There are four tips to help avoid texting and driving. The first is silencing or turning off the phone while driving. The second one is lock the phone with a password that reminds you not to text and drive. Third tip is too put the phone in the trunk or glove box. And lastly, give your phone to someone in the car to hold. Its not worth it, “it can wait”.

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Image result for emotionsEmotions 

When’s the last time you felt happy? When’s the last time you felt sad? When’s the last time you stopped and thought about your emotions? I bet that question stumped you. Humans have two types of emotions. They are primary, meaning the emotions felt first in a situation, and secondary, meaning the emotions felt after the primary ones. In a threatening situation, your primary emotion might be fear, and your secondary emotion could be anger.

How many emotions do we even have? We have six basic emotions. They include fear, anger, sadness, disgust, joy, and surprise; but we also have a whole bunch of other emotions that we never even think about. Each emotion is broken down into smaller categories, which can be broken down again to help explain you’re feelings even better. These broken down emotions are called sub emotions. For example, the basic emotion sadness can be broken down into tired, bored, lonely, depressed, ashamed, or guilty. Then those emotions can then be broken down into sleepy, apathetic,  isolated, inferior, stupid, or remorseful, and they all come from the basic emotion of sadness.

All though there are over 100 different emotions that we feel everyday, when we describe how we are feeling, we stick to the six basic emotions as well as forty-two other sub emotions. They include acceptance, affection, aggression, ambivalence, apathy, anxiety, boredom, compassion, confusion, contempt, depression, doubt, ecstasy, empathy, envy, embarrassment, euphoria, forgiveness, frustration, gratitude, grief, guilt, hatred, hope, horror, hostility, homesickness, hunger, hysteria, interest, loneliness, love, paranoia, pity, pleasure, pride, rage, regret, remorse, shame, suffering, and sympathy.

Can emotions be associated with different colors? Of course, and in fact, they usually are. Red symbolizes anger, happiness, excitement, love, and energy. Yellow represents happiness, energy, excitement, and being tired. Green indicates calmness, happiness, and peacefulness. Blue represents calmness, peacefulness, being depressed, and loneliness. Purple symbolizes being calm, being tired, boredom, and fear. White indicates calmness, hopefulness, and loneliness. Grey symbolizes sadness, being depressed, boredom, fearful, and being tired. And lastly, black represents  sadness, feeling depressed, and powerful.

Its hard to guess someone’s emotions, considering there are SO MANY! But there are some tips on reading facial expressions to help figure out the basic six emotions. A person that is feeling angry would have lowered eyebrows, squinted eyes, and tightened lips. Someone that’s feeling afraid would have raised eyebrows, eyes widened, and mouth stretched. A person feeling disgusted would have their eyebrows pulled down, nose wrinkled, upper lip raised, and maybe their tongue hanging out. Someone that’s joyful would be smiling. Someone feeling sad would have the inner corners of their eyebrows raised and a pouty lip. And lastly, someone feeling surprised would have their eyebrows raised, eyes wide open, and mouth open.

Emotions are normal, everyone has them, and they are always changing even if we aren’t aware of it. If you feel like your emotions are getting out of control, use this three step plan. First “identify what you are feeling.” Then, “pinpoint which situations cause you to get emotional.” And finally, “verify if your thoughts are realistic.” Just always remember that emotions are normal, and “don’t let your emotions get the best of you”.

Pokemon Go

People play Pokemon Go on their mobile phones near the Sydney Opera House in Sydney, Australia, on July 20.Pokemon Go

Have you been walking around outside, and noticed that in the last three months, everyone has their heads in their phone more than usual? That’s because they are playing this new game called Pokemon Go. Lots of people all over the word find this game fun, amusing, and a good way to get exercise, but is it also dangerous?

Pokemon Go was released on July 6th of this year (2016), and was a bigger success than anyone thought it was going to be. By the end of the day (on which it was released) it had been downloaded by over 15 million people. By the week of July 11th, it was being used by about 21 million people, daily. A website said this about the game, “People are spending significantly more time in their Pokémon Go app than they are on Facebook or Twitter.

The object of the game is to “Gotta catch ’em all!”. You have to try and catch every Pokemon you can and enslave them into your Poké-army, and to do so, you have to walk all around (the world). When you come across a Pokemon, you tap the right hand corner of your screen and the Pokemon you’re trying to catch will move to the center of your screen. Then, you use your Pokéballs to enslave the creature. The game was created to play Pokemon in a virtual reality sort of way, but it’s also been helping people get exercise as well. One lady on Quora posted this comment, “My daughter (17) who is shy and overweight and shown NO interest in taking any exercise whatsoever has walked over 15 kilometres in the last 5 days playing this game.” Another person commented, “It took Michelle Obama 8 years to convince people to run outside and be active. Nintendo did it in 24 hours. #Pokemon Go.” But here comes the real question. Is the game safe?

We aren’t exactly sure about how many people have been hurt or have died due to this game, but it’s been too many. Doctors have revealed a list of the  5 most common injuries caused by playing Pokemon Go. They include sunburns, sprains, fractures, broken bones, and bad mental health. Besides just being injured, two men have fallen off a cliff by the beach, in Japan one pedestrian was hit and another killed by a driver playing the game, a man ran into a police car while playing as he was driving, a 20-year old man was shot and killed, and an 18-year old boy was shot and killed after he broke into a home trying to catch a rare Pokemon. All of these injuries/deaths were caused by this game. That 18-year old boy died because the game told him a rare Pokemon was in that house. He then broke into the house (with his 17 year old cousin)  to try and catch the Pokemon. The game is so addicting that it has people breaking into homes and jumping off of cliffs. My 12 year-old cousin wanted my aunt to turn left, from a right lane, where there was no intersection so he could catch a charizard.

Do I think the game is completely bad? No, I think the people playing it need to be more careful and know the boundaries (literally-DO NOT break into someone’s house trying to catch a Pokemon). Don’t play while you are driving, watch where you are walking, and if a Pokemon is by the edge of a cliff, don’t go and get it. It’s not worth risking your life. Some ways to stay safe in general, when playing Pokemon Go, are don’t play while driving, avoid suspicious places, don’t trespass while playing, pay attention to your surroundings, play with a group, and KNOW YOUR LIMITS!







“To form an opinion about; make a decision“, is the definition of judging according to But is this really the definition? Urban Dictionary says the definition of judging is “to quickly form a bias and/or personal opinion about someone or something”, which seems more like what we do on a daily basis. We tend to personal opinions rather than “bias” thoughts. “Not all judgments are hurtful or wrong. But most of them are”, and everyone is guilty of judging in some way. Our brains automatically look at a person and decide whether or not they are trust worthy, and in a split second, your brain can “decide the race, age, or sex of a person ”. These are all examples of your brain judging someone, and in just milliseconds, your brain can judge anyone or anything. 

A current topic right now is the upcoming presidential election. Donald Trump’s main campaign promise is to reform and enforce immigration laws. One idea is to build a wall on our southern boarders and to deport ALL illegal immigrants particularly Mexican immigrants. Throughout his recent speeches, Trump gives examples of how some Mexicans living here illegally have killed many innocent people; that is just one reason for deportation. This is a current example of judging. Trump is judging ALL Mexicans on the actions of very few. Trump has heard the stories of only a handful of victims, and his brain has labeled ALL of the illegal Mexicans living here as bad. This is a big, world wide example of someone judging and getting others to believe the same. There are also small everyday examples of judging.

Small judgments can be things like when someone looks you up and down, or tells you your shirt doesn’t match your pants. When someone judges you, it hurts, but everyone still does it. Why do we do it if it hurts people’s feelings? Why aren’t we all loving? Well it’s proven that the happier you are with yourself, the less you will judge others. We judge others for four reasons, the first one being insecurity. When we are unhappy with ourselves, we put other people down. The second reason is we’re scared and feel intimidated by others so we judge them. The third reason is loneliness and using judging to bond with others. And the last reason is seeking change in your own life. If there is something in your life you want to be different, you might be quick to judge other people’s lives.

I find judging as a form of bullying, because you are judging something about someone (or something) from first glance and putting them down. Judging can do five things. It can hurt others, make you feel worse about yourself, form stereotypes, make the world a negative place, and encourage you to judge yourself. There are also six ways to stop judging. Monitor your thoughts, look for a positive side in things, avoid being stereotypical, don’t judge yourself, focus on YOUR life, and remember how it feels to be judged. Like I said before, it’s normal to judge; everyone’s brain is quick to judge, and not all judging is bad. But most of it is not good, and that’s what we need to avoid. And when you catch yourself judging someone, recite this famous quote to yourself. “Don’t judge a book by its cover”.